In an effort to learn whether or not cooperative learning is an effective tool in helping hearing impaired students integrate into an inclusion classroom, Hasan Avcioğlu, conducted this study: Examining the Effectivenes of a Program Developed for Teaching Social Skills to Hearing Impaired Students Based on Cooperative Learning.
Conducting this study in his native Turkey, where the is currently no social skill instruction program, Avcioğlu hopes to prove that through the use of such a program, student’s with hearing disabilities can better integrate into a normal class. His approach is different to that mentioned in the Wiki, which states it is the teachers responsibility to make sure the hearing students “understand how to communicate effectively and respectfully with a student who has a hearing disability.”
Avcioğlu has gathered 36 third grade students. 27 of these students have no hearing impairment, but form the core of the cooperative learning group. 30 different sessions were held: 10 on basic social skills, 10 for starting and continuing relationships, and 10 for conducting a work with group.
“It is necessary for students with hearing disability to be held activities to adapt themselves to their social, cultural and physical environment consciously and learning skills,” Avcioğlu writes. “However, it should be taken into consideration that these activities should be cooperative learning activities.” It is shown that during the course of such activities, students with the hearing disability they learn by mimicking the activities of their peers. Ideally, then, they will take the opportunity to “compare their thoughts and behaviors with the other children’s,” correcting their negative behavior.
These results show that, initially, the disabled students were rejected by their peers because they did not conform to social norms. However, after prolonged exposure to cooperative learning, the hearing disabled have more opportunity to generalize their experience and gain the acceptance of their peers.
Avcioğlu concludes that the reason for this is that” cooperative learning method provides opportunities for forming interactions based upon positive cooperation, which has a function basic natural environment.”
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Avcioğlu, H. (2007, January). Examining the Effectiveness of a Program Developed for Teaching Social Skills to Hearing Impaired Students Based On Cooperative Learning. Educational Sciences: Theory & Practice, 7(1), 340-347.
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