Children With Down Syndrome Are Living Longer

Children with Down syndrome are living longer and other facts about racial disparities
Down syndrome is classified as a developmental delayed disease, which is caused by an extra chromosome in the 21st pair. Thus, the disorder is also known as Trisomy 21 – due to 3 chromosomes instead of 2 in the previously mentioned set. It is a genetic condition that occurs in one out of 733 births and more than 350,000 people in the United States have the disorder (National Down syndrome society).
It is interesting to note that while Down syndrome affects persons of all ages, races, and economic level. There is recent evidence that despite the fact that children with Down syndrome are living longer, there is major life expectancy discrepancy amongst different races. This particular article cited that by the age of 20, blacks with Down syndrome are more than seven times as likely to die as whites. The other factors that increase the rate of survival besides race are presence of heart defect and low birth weight. Those with a heart defect, which is nearly half of the children born with Down syndrome and those with a lower birth weight are more likely to parish sooner than those who do not display a congenital heart defect and who had a higher birth weight.
Given these disparities, still Down syndrome children are living longer and the study attributes this phenomenon to improved medical, residential, social and community services for adults who have Down syndrome.
Created by: Hillary Mason
Footnote:
Children with Down syndrome are living longer. National Down Syndrome Society. 2007.
http://www.ndss.org/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=1902&Itemid=151